I will let you figure out the countries in the map below for yourself. By the 1750s until 1947, Britain ruled the Subcontinent. By 1914, most of the countries in the world had been colonized by Europe. There were, however, some large conquering empires: the Bugandan Empire in Uganda; the Zulus in South Africa; the Mwene Mutapa Empire of the Shona people in Zambia, or Great Zimbabwe; the Benin Empire; the kingdoms of the Yoruba (Ife, Oyo, and Ibadan); the Ashanti in Ghana; the Fulani Empire in northern Nigeria, which even tried to extend into regions of Sierra Leone; the Kanem-Bo… By the end of her 64-year reign, the United Kingdom (U.K.) controlled more than 14 million square miles of territory and produced around 30 percent of the world's total industrial output. List of countries that have gained independence from the United Kingdom. Top British and middle Indian administrators ruled Burma. ... British colonies, including Africa and India, made a significant contribution to the war effort. Eventually, a growing spirit of independence would strip Spain of its New World empire. When Queen Victoria ascended to the throne in 1837, she ushered in an era of industrialization and global expansion of the British empire. But it took a couple of decades for the European colonialism to fully collapse; France was fighting for Algeria until 1962 and Portugal did not abandon its African colonies until 1974. Spanning over 400 years, historians continue to research and discover new things about the British Empire.And today more than ever, people are recognising, questioning and understanding the full story behind this important part of world history. They are mainly Sunni Muslim. Why not google the question for yourself? A List of Countries Colonized by the British in the Victorian Era. Before proceeding to look at how the British rule shattered the Indian economy, it will be useful to consider the respective macro-economic situations that prevailed in Britain and India before the Indian subjugation.It should be noted that the British, during the 16th and 17th centuries, were in a bad shape. Colonization by the French and the British had a strong influence on Egyptian society. The other chief colonisers were France, Germany, Belgium, Italy, Portugal and Spain. Former British Colonies. By Victoria Simpson on September 8 2020 in World Facts. Here is a brief look at some former British Colonies and how they came to be. During the Victorian era which ended with the queen's death in 1901, Great Britain became the largest imperial power in the world. A … Ethnic rivalries were not serious in precolonial Africa. An empire is a group of colonies that are ruled by a single power, and while Britain itself has always been quite small in land mass and located far away from many of the places it has governed, it somehow succeeded in growing the largest empire in history. Further east, the British established control of the Malay peninsula and acquired a lease on Hong Kong from China following the end of the Opium Wars. Facts about British Colonization of Australia talk about the history of Australia in 1780 until 1859. While various countries gained their independence over time, even by 1952 when Queen Elizabeth took the throne, over 70 colonies still existed in the empire overseas. With the occupation of Egypt in 1882, Great Britain aimed to annex more territory in East Africa until British territory connected the Cape of Good Hope to Cairo. The history of colonization began when the First Fleet of Britain arrived in Sydney. By 1670 there were British American colonies in New England, Virginia, and Maryland and settlements in the Bermudas, Honduras, Antigua, Barbados, and Nova Scotia. Based on the Word Net lexical database for the English Language. It began with the overseas possessions and trading posts established by England between the late 16th and early 18th centuries. The British in Africa. Britain did not want to be paternalistic like the French colonialists, and it did not practice the assimilation policies of the French. In the mid- to late-1800s, European powers became obsessed with obtaining territory and British colonies on the African continent. These include Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, the Bahamas, Australia, Belize, Barbados, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, St Kitts and Nevis, St Lucia, St Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands and Tuvalu. Interestingly, 18 African countries that were formerly British colonies have chosen to remain connected to Great Britain as members of the British Commonwealth. The first attempt at colonization came from their bordering country of Egypt. But it took a couple of decades for the European colonialism to fully collapse; France was fighting for Algeria until 1962 and Portugal did not abandon its African colonies until 1974. The primary motive was to become a planetary superpower and dominate the world. British influence in India has been longlasting, and English is commonly used as a lingua franca in the country. India was a colony of Britain from 1858 to 1947. He was hanged in 1859 for his part in an attack on Harpers Ferry, West Virginia. Britain began colonizing the world back in the 16th century and spread its power through a strong army and by partnering with local authorities to conduct business. In this case, the 13 colonies were located in North America, and they were controlled by Great Britain. European countries with interest in Africa met in Berlin in 1884 to divide the continent among themselves. A Short History of the Colonization of Palestine Myth: “‘Israel’ was a land without a people for a people without a land.” History: Arab people have lived in Palestine for thousands of years. Britain was left essentially bankrupt, with insolvency only averted in 1946 after the negotiation of a $US 4.33 billion loanfrom the United States, the last installment of which … In the mid- to late-1800s, European powers became obsessed with obtaining territory and British colonies on the ... 2 Spices and Tea. The majority of ethnic nations lived in their independent small polities. Though Britain and the empire emerged victorious from the Second World War, the effects of the conflict were profound, both at home and abroad. British bronze medal (1834) commemorating the end of slavery in the British colonies under King William IV (1830-1837). The countries represented at the time included Austria-Hungary, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Sweden-Norway (unified … Mueller holds a Bachelor of Arts in political science from the University of North Carolina at Asheville and a Juris Doctor from Indiana University Maurer School of Law. When the British colonized these new lands, they changed things. Egypt, the bordering country of Sudan, was one of them. Great Britain waged two wars with Afghanistan to protect the northwest border of India resulting in Afghanistan becoming a semi-protectorate of the crown in 1880. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com. The colonization was orchestrated by the East India Company, a British corporation that traded cotton, silk, spices and tea. Great Britain participated in economic imperialism in India. Currently, none. The company had an army, led by British officers and staffed by Indian soldiers. The British Empire of the 19th century is best known for its queen, Victoria (1837-1901). All of them speak Arabic. Great Britain participated in economic imperialism in India. Rwanda. Six countries: Portugal, Spain, the Netherlands, Great Britain, France, and the United States, had colonies in Southeast Asia. Great Britain ruled present day Sudan, Kenya, Botswana,Lesotho, Egypt, Northern Somalia, Eastern Ghana,Benin,Gambia and Niger Great Britain used indirect rule to control their colonies. The country already had officially laid claim to Western Australia in 1829 as one of the British colonies. The British Empire is famous for spreading itself to almost every corner of the globe. 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