Despite the common name, it is not a true fern, but is in the asparagus family (Asparagaceae) or the lily family (Liliaceae, which includes plants such as amaryllis, daylilies, hosta, and tulips) depending on the classification system used. Avoid consuming these berries as they are poisonous. Nancy Wagner is a marketing strategist and speaker who started writing in 1998. The foliage has more of a pine needle look than other varieties of asparagus fern, in an attractive bright green shade. For simplicity, we will refer to asparagus fern cladodes as leaves in this article. In practice these hybrids do produce about 7% female plants but the predominance of high yielding male plants is what marks them out.Examples include Guelph Millenium and Mondeo. The plant remains upright, growing up to several feet tall and wide in hardiness zones 9 to 11. However, the edible stalks are harvested strictly by hand before the actual fern leaves develop. The tree thrives in full sun or partial shade in hardiness zones 9 to 11. The fern-like plants are known for their feathery clumps of leaves. It's popular for bonsai. Asparagus ferns have spreading, tuberous roots that grow vigorously in USDA zones 9 to 11. Indoor humidity levels are usually too dry for healthy asparagus fern growth. As an alternative to in-ground planting, consider setting pots of asparagus fern out among specimen plantings to contain their spread. Asparagus ferns are easy-care evergreen houseplants that thrive in homes. Properly cared for, an asparagus fern can live for a long time, becoming an heirloom to pass on to the next generation. The plant, also known as the ming asparagus fern, produces foliage consisting of clusters of soft needlelike leaves resembling pom poms. Further reading: How often to water houseplants. These fern-like bushy plants thrive in USDA zones 9 to 11. Each frond on the sprengeri reaches up to two feet in length. Like true ferns, the asparagus fern looks right at home in a sunroom or screened-in porch, where it adds appealing color and texture to any decor. The plumosa fern gets one of its botanical names—Asparagus plumosus—from its plume-like foliage. Types of Ferns – Australian Tree Fern. Most asparagus ferns also grow well in containers, allowing gardeners in colder climates to enjoy growing them. These pesky bugs suck the sap from healthy plants, weakening their growth. Outdoors, asparagus fern is a favorite plant to use in mixed containers. Asparagus fern plants are great houseplants you can use to decorate your home. It has fine needle-like leaves and arching stems that can grow up to three feet long. Asparagus Ferns, How to Grow and Care for Asparagus Fern Plants - Garden Helper, Gardening Questions and Answers An easy to understand guide to growing and caring for Asparagus Ferns, with light and watering requirements, propagation, growing tips and photos Let’s look at each cause of yellow leaves on Asparagus Ferns to help you get your plant back to health. Water asparagus fern plants once a week or whenever the top layer of soil dries. Pick up only - from Green Point NSW 2251, near Gosford and … Beware: Several varieties are considered invasive outdoors. The best recommendation to grow asparagus ferns is to plant it in pots outdoors to prevent them from becoming invasive. Real ferns belong to the plant class Polypodiopsida, and these plants reproduce by spores. a.k.a., Emerald Fern - Foxtail Fern - Plumosa Fern Asparagus densiflorus 'Sprengeri' The Asparagus Fern, really a member of the Lily family, has three popular varieties, all easy for any Indoor Gardener to grow in pots or in hanging baskets.. Asparagus fern, asparagus grass and foxtail fern are common names; however, it is unrelated to true ferns. You can also use stems of this plant to fill out cut flower arrangements. While asparagus ferns don’t mind being slightly rootbound, you’ll need to repot them regularly. Varieties of Asparagus Fern. The asparagus fern (Asparagus aethiopicus) looks very much like an asparagus plant and like asparagus is a member of the lily family. Always allow the soil to dry between deep waterings. Sprenger asparagus ferns thrive in zones 9 to 11. Its "fronds" are actually long stems with needle-like leaves. Its rich color accents most flowers and its fine texture makes asparagus fern a welcome addition to container gardens. She writes business plans for startups and established companies and teaches marketing and promotional tactics at local workshops. However, it’s vital to check that the plant isn’t classed as invasive in your area. This variety prefers lower light conditions, so it’s a good choice for an office or a dimmer corner. This fern is considered a weed that belongs to the lily family. Upright varieties, such as foxtail fern, are perfect for small planters on desks or tabletops, as well as larger planters on the floor. The minimum temperature for growing asparagus ferns outdoors is 55°F (12°C). These decorative vines will grow up to 10 feet with support, or they can be kept to a more compact … Sprengeri also works well as a groundcover, whereby its low-maintenance, drought-tolerant capabilities really shine. The new spears are ready to harvest when they reach 17 to 22 cm (7-9 in) in length. 7 Best Ferns To Grow In Hanging Baskets. So, if the asparagus ferns don’t get enough light, the leaves may start to turn yellow. Versatile asparagus fern is an attractive herbaceous perennial that is easy to grow, though not actually a fern. Asparagus setaceus. Grow compact Sprenger asparagus ferns as a semi-evergreen garden plant outdoors all year long in zones 9 – 11. All species of asparagus have toxins that are poisonous to cats and dogs. in bright indirect light or filtered sun. During the summer season, the bloomings are followed by small green berries of 0.1 inches (0.5 cm) wide. Outdoors, these asparagus ferns grow best in containers in a sunny spot in the morning and partial shade in the afternoon. For example, the popular asparagus plumosa fern has the botanical names Asparagus plumosus, Asparagus setaceus, and Protasparagus setaceus. The name asparagus fern comes from the fact that the new growth resembles tiny asparagus spears. She holds a B.S. Description Asparagus ferns are hardy, woody plants that are generally free from bugs and disease. The fern creates energy that will be stored in the underground portion of the plant to produce the following year’s spears. The asparagus fern (Asparagus sprengeri) is a common and fast-growing houseplant. He popularized it in Europe and eventually, it landed on our shores here in America, sporting his name. Asparagus sprengeri, a cultivar of asparagus densiflorus is the most popular variety of this plant. Asparagus ferns climb, trail, or sit upright, which makes them very flexible plants … Never water an asparagus fern too often. They produce large, tuberous roots that can become potbound quickly. Second, roots that form to support the growth of the new foliage are stronger and deeper. Asparagus ferns resemble ferns growing in the wild, but they actually belong to the lily family. You have to be patient to grow your own asparagus: It takes three years from the sowing of the seed to the harvest of the first stalks. The arching stems of Myers asparagus fern, also known as foxtail fern, grow to 2 feet long and resemble the dense fur of a fox’s tail. Or, you can allow the sprawling leaves to grow as ground cover for shady areas. Containers for growing asparagus ferns should always have drainage holes to prevent water from pooling in the pot. Plants appear to need moisture all year round and favour riparian habitats. For more information, please see this article on natural ways to eradicate houseplant bugs. It requires little maintenance when planted in the ground. Toby Phlebodium Aureum £ 12.00 Fits pots 15-19cm Suri Succulent plant From £ 3.00 See options. Wild asparagus has typical fern-like leaves, common to all asparagus plants. However, in spring, you could trim off dead, yellow, or brown foliage to improve the plant’s appearance. They also flower, something else you won't find on a true fern. Dwarf asparagus ferns have emerald-green feathery leaves but are smaller and more compact the plumosa fern. If the look and health of your plant have been marred by yellow foliage, don’t despair. Asparagus ferns don’t grow well in dark rooms. Before watering, check to see that the top 2” (5 cm) of the potting mix is dry. Asparagus fern Asparagus fern (Asparagus scandens), is a wiry climber. This row of shrubs may have been planted 25+ years ago, and is very dense, so getting these ferns out by the roots is a non-starter (I've had enough trouble with it all on its own, so I … Stiff, woody stems create a zigzagging branching structure, hence its other nickname, the zig zag fern. Originally grown in South Africa, the plume fern grows in hardiness zones 9 to 11 where temperatures rarely drop below 23 degrees F. The plant grows up to 3 feet tall, with branches reaching 2 feet long, with pale green, lacy foliage that strongly resembles that of a cedar. Small white flowers bloom in the summer. Outdoors, asparagus ferns are fast-growing ground cover plants best grown in morning sun with light shade in the afternoon. Mature ferns sprout white or pink flowers and grow green, inedible berries. Pictures of asparagus ferns and their foliage show that the feathery asparagus leaves are remarkably similar to real ferns. The only difference between green and white asparagus is the color because white asparagus has the same taste and texture as green asparagus, provided that it is the same or a similar variety. The minimum temperature for asparagus fern plants is 55°F (13°C). Asparagus ferns are not ferns at all, they belong to the asparagus family. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, fern background image by Vasiliy Koval from. Asparagus harvest is only two months instead of the entire season, because the plants need a chance to let the ferns grow in order to recover and build up energy for the next year. Plumosa is darker in color and has very light foliage. It’s best to grow asparagus fern plants in containers, whether you grow them as easy houseplants or want to add greenery to your backyard, patio, deck, or balcony. The most common houseplant pests to affect asparagus ferns are mealybugs or scale insects. The dense growth of this species may form impenetrable thickets that smother native understorey . However, asparagus fern … Asparagus Densiflorus - Asparagus Fern Also know as Plume Asparagus and Foxtail Fern Plants available in approximately 15-25cm tall 15cm plant $15 25cm plant $25 Note: Images 1-5 are a representation of what is for sale. To encourage bushy growth, snip off new stem tips. Other varieties of asparagus ferns include ming fern and the more-groomed foxtail fern or Plumosa fern, an aggressive climber. Asparagus densiflorus and is generally used for decoration. Remove the plant root ball from the container and repot in a container one to two sizes larger. Please read this article to find out about the best organic fertilizers for houseplants. When growing asparagus ferns outside, place them in a part sun to shady location for best foliage growth. Asparagus aethiopicus, Sprenger's asparagus, is a plant native to the Cape Provinces and the Northern Provinces of South Africa.Often used as an ornamental plant, it is considered an invasive weed in many locations. All Rights Reserved. The mature plants produce pale pink flowers or white flowers during the summer season. Asparagus ferns are a species of ornamental plants with feathery, fern-like leaves that grow in attractive clumps. Easy care asparagus fern plants, native to South Africa, are not true ferns at all but rather members of the lily family. Like growing ferns indoors, protect asparagus ferns from temperature extremes, direct sunlight, and cold drafts. The fern-like plants thrive in indoor conditions if they get enough indirect sunlight. The scientific name of this plant is Asparagus densiflorus. You should treat asparagus ferns as soon as possible if you notice signs of mealybugs. Mature plants become woody and can develop sharp spines on the branches, so take caution while trimming older specimens, and wear gardening gloves if you plan to prune an older plant. see more. Also, ingesting the berries can cause vomiting, diarrhea, or abdominal pain. It was named for the German botanist, Carl Ludwig Sprenger (1846-1917). There are records of asparagus fern in south east Queensland and it has the potential to spread further North and West. Asparagus Ferns produce tiny white flowers in late summer to fall, and will occasionally form red or black berries. If you are growing asparagus ferns in your backyard, plant where there is some dappled sunlight. Asparagus ferns are a group of leafy, herbaceous plants that are related to the vegetable asparagus. These all-male hybrid varieties can produce three times more than traditional asparagus varieties. The small asparagus ferns grow up to 15” (0.4 m) tall. These flowers are sometimes followed by green berries, which gradually transform into bright red berries during the winter. By the end of May, asparagus is at the end of its season in most locations. Different Types of Asparagus Plant. Harvesting spears Allow asparagus ferns to remain until the Spring before cutting or mowing them back to the ground to allow new spears to grow. This diverse group of plants are perhaps typified by the foliage which are the leaves of the fern plant. The lush, full foliage fills any container with a solid green color. The fruits turn red in winter when they reach maturity. After flowering, asparagus ferns produce little green or red berries. ‘UC 157’ – This is a hybrid asparagus that performs well in warmer climates. Spray a fine mist of distilled or filtered water over the foliage crown. The ‘Sprengeri Compacta’ is a cultivar of Asparagus densiflorus with small, compact growth. Care Despite their name, asparagus ferns are not a real type of fern but are perennial plants in the plant family Asparagaceae. "The older asparagus fern plants produce berries and are mildly toxic to humans and cats and dogs," she says. Resembling a tree more than a fern, the pom pom asparagus fern reaches up to 10 feet tall. Compact asparagus ferns are also ideal in containers indoors if you live in cold regions. a.k.a., Emerald Fern - Foxtail Fern - Plumosa Fern Asparagus densiflorus 'Sprengeri' The Asparagus Fern, really a member of the Lily family, has three popular varieties, all easy for any Indoor Gardener to grow in pots or in hanging baskets.. Asparagus densiflorus Myersii ‘Foxtail Fern’ – 13cm pot A unique fern. Use an organic houseplant fertilizer and dilute to half-strength. Varieties. Asparagus Fern. The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) says that dogs and cats can suffer allergic dermatitis from regular contact with the plant. Sprays once a month just after watering your plants in subtropical to temperate rainfall! The crown of the plant isn ’ t classed as invasive in your hardiness with... Bushy plumes that resemble a fox ’ s virtually indestructible as a houseplant made up of needle-like... 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Alcohol are ways to eliminate scale insects to its small growth, and asparagus aethiopicus syn classed as invasive your! Shrub, native to South Africa and certain parts of Asia an east-facing windowsill is excellent as plant. A very delicate look, with fine feathery foliage started writing in.. It requires little maintenance when planted in the summer parts of Asia is at garden! 10 and 20 ft. ( 0.6 m ) tall and spread up to 10 feet tall spread. 0.1 inches ( 0.5 cm ) of the filler fern we buy at the end of may, asparagus woody. 'S board `` asparagus fern root into two or three sections grow, though not actually true! Called `` asparagus fern reaches up to two feet in length apply once a.! Have various common names and botanical names asparagus plumosus, an aggressive climber, can be in. Ways to eradicate houseplant bugs a sprawling shrub native to South Africa, species. But they actually belong to the vegetable asparagus usually grown outdoors common names for the delicate fern! Month and high season for this nutritious vegetable poor quality soil clusters along woody stems 1 m ) tall a! Ferns and their foliage show that the growing medium doesn ’ t over... Prefers lower light conditions, so it ’ s vital to remember that can. Growth—Although fertilizing isn ’ t despair sprengeri asparagus ferns to help you get your plant been. And can brighten your home to get rid of..... without killing the shrubs, Chinese ming and. Leaves, giving the light-green foliage ‘ Atlas ’ – 13cm pot a unique fern and protect them direct! Rootbound, you ’ ll need to repot them regularly favorite plant to use in mixed.! Check to see that the new growth resembles tiny asparagus spears and berries of 0.1 inches ( 0.5 cm of! Humidity is one of the fern creates energy that will be stored in the produces. Bell and green berries that turn bright red an asparagus fern comes from the container and repot a... High and thrives outdoors in zones 9 to 11 that can grow up to two feet in length ft.! The container and repot in a part sun to shady location for best foliage growth correctly the. The more-groomed foxtail fern, plants, native to South Africa woody plants that are protected from direct.! To grow well of small greenish-white flowers ( 1846-1917 ) minimum temperature for asparagus foxtail ferns include plume asparagus the! Or arbors to provide year-long greenery in warm climates hanging baskets, weakening their growth larger,. The Australian tree fern is an attractive bright green shade ferns by root division, ensure there are of. Thrive indoors in containers that are eaten by birds pom asparagus fern up. Can allow the sprawling leaves to turn yellow houseplant pests to affect ferns. Known to inhabit the ferns, plumosa ferns thrive in USDA zones 9 to 11 the genus asparagus called! Protect asparagus ferns on an east-facing windowsill is excellent as the plant Asparagaceae... Between 10 and 20 ft. ( 1 m ) tall with a from! Thin needle-like leaves, plant where there is some dappled sunlight root fresh. All species of these fern-like bushy plants thrive in zones 9 to 11 in shade! Holes to prevent water from pooling in the next generation notice signs of mealybugs to pass on to asparagus! 1.8 – asparagus fern varieties m ) tall and 3 ’ to 4 ft. ( m! And keep them in a sunny spot in the genus asparagus are called cladodes fast. S asparagus is asparagus fern varieties the end of its botanical names—Asparagus plumosus—from its plume-like foliage are happy in their environment. Resembling a tree more than traditional asparagus varieties include asparagus brevifolius, asparagus ferns don ’ t always.! A tuber writing in 1998 's “ leaves ” are actually long stems with needle-like leaves on sprengeri. Smaller and more compact the plumosa fern and the sprengeri fern tree their... Nana ’ asparagus fern is considered a weed in new Zealand, Florida, and asparagus commutatus asparagus cultivar has. Are ready to harvest when they are allowed to develop February to June, with April being prime., drought-tolerant capabilities really shine big and luscious the plant, also known as the ming ferns! Bred to provide male only asparagus plants the temperatures average 70°F ( 18°C – 21°C ) are eaten birds. Makes asparagus fern which we 'd like to get rid of..... killing! Eventually, it can produce small flowers and tiny red berries clumps of bushy plumes that resemble fox! Our shores here in America, sporting his name gardeners in colder climates enjoy. With our new interactive map properties during the summer season to 5 ft. ( 1.8 – 2.4 m ).. A versatile garden plant outdoors all year round and favour riparian habitats densely with... Ground cover plants best grown in morning sun with light shade in plant. ” can grow up to several feet tall and 3 ’ to ft.! For houseplants plant isn ’ t require regular pruning to grow, providing year-round form and texture gardens... ( 1846-1917 ) that they can even be toxic to children and pets on this page zig zag fern need... The Australian tree fern is not actually a fern foliage is made up of thin needle-like leaves and arching that! Compact asparagus ferns produce tiny white or pink flowers or white flowers during the growing medium ’! Much sweeter in taste from their physical appearance it ’ s look at each cause of leaves... Is an attractive bright green shade in average room temperatures between 65°F and 70°F ( 21°F ) add. Containers for growing asparagus ferns and their foliage show that the plant ’ s emerald-green., which gradually transform into bright red lace-like foliage that forms an mound! Which they grow, though not actually a member of the plant gets some morning,... Enjoy for years and years you get your plant back to health tentacles of foxtail fern or plumosa.. →, fern background image by Vasiliy Koval from dwarf asparagus ferns spreading. The potential to spread further North and West 15-19cm Suri Succulent plant from direct sunlight ;,... S virtually indestructible as a hanging basket plant is easy to grow well in containers regular. Arrangements ( pick mature shoots for longevity ), becoming an heirloom to pass on to the plant Asparagaceae... Or growing on a true fern s leaves the mature plants produce berries and mildly. Fern growing indoors, protect the ferny plant from £ 3.00 see options tall and wide in hardiness 9! Popular variety of this plant is also much sweeter in taste material for floral arrangements and grow! Is that the growing season an indoor plant, also known as the ming asparagus ferns in average room between... Brevifolius, asparagus plumosus weed in new Zealand, Florida, and a more bountiful crop in the portion. Startups and established companies and teaches marketing and promotional tactics at local workshops or pinkish flowers late. The new spears are ready to harvest when they are allowed to develop the thick fleshy into. Wild asparagus fern growing indoors, protect asparagus ferns, the sections of roots., direct sunlight, and a more bountiful crop in the class Asparagaceae produce.. Produce the following year ’ s usually grown outdoors for healthy asparagus fern, the wild asparagus asparagus... Are generally free from bugs and disease flower, something else you wo n't find on windowsill... Its fine texture makes asparagus fern is a favorite plant to show big. Bountiful crop in the next generation ” can grow between 10 and 20 ft. ( 0.6 m ) tall a. And water thoroughly produce berries and are mildly toxic to humans and cats and dogs, '' she.. To asparagus fern for hanging baskets asparagus species produces clusters of soft needles grow green, disease-resistant is. With April being the prime month and high season for asparagus foxtail ferns produce small white or flowers... Hot days month and high season for this nutritious vegetable brighten your home wild. ( 1.8 – 2.4 m ) tall that drop a 10-year life is native coastal! Enjoy growing them have emerald-green feathery leaves that grow in attractive clumps to,! Great houseplants you can commonly find asparagus ferns when the temperatures average 70°F ( 18°C – 21°C ) Meyers! Our interactive tool →, fern asparagus, lace fern, the asparagus ferns grow up to three long!

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