The West Highland White Terrier is generally compact and short. Olac Moon Pilot,[35] and in 2016 to Burneze Geordie Girl. The West Highland White Terrier shares their roots with the other terriers of Scotland, protecting homes and farms from fox, badger, and rodents. The dog was registered at the time as a Scottish Terrier, and won the title at the Scottish Kennel Club show at the age of seven months. The popularity of the breed during the early 20th century was such that dogs were being exchanged for hundreds of guineas. [27] Other families on Skye preserved both white and sandy-coloured dogs. The breed shares its ancestry with other well-known Scottish dogs namely the Dandie Dinmont, the Cairn Terrier and the Scottie. Their short legs aided in maneuverability in different types of terrain. List of West Highland White Terrier Mix Breed Dogs "My name is Mia and I am a 9 month old white with a little apricot Westiepoo (West Highland and Poodle mix) – I love playing with my toys, chewing on my bones and cuddling with my mom. [34] A Westie also won Crufts in 1990 with the Best in Show title going to Derek Tattersall's Ch. [19] Another genetic condition that affects the breed is "white dog shaker syndrome". [4] The fur fills out the face to give a rounded appearance. [17] An uncommon but severe breed-specific skin condition, hyperplastic dermatosis, may affect West Highland White Terriers, both juveniles and adults dogs. Their harsh double coat, especially the hard, straight outer coat, helped to provide protection from the elements. In fact, the AKC first registered them as the Roseneath Terrier in 1908, but the name was changed to West Highland White Terrier in 1909. Note: While the characteristics mentioned here may frequently represent this breed, dogs are individuals whose personalities and appearances will vary. Initially, it was also known at the time as the Roseneath Terrier, and the Roseneath Terrier Club was recognised by the American Kennel Club in 1908. They are independent and somewhat stubborn. Symptoms slowly increase until limb paralysis begins to occur. Did You Know? In the initial stages, this condition can be misdiagnosed as allergies or less serious forms of dermatitis. [28] In 1903, Malcolm declared that he did not want to be known as the creator of the breed and insisted that his breed of white terriers be renamed. Radiographic testing can be conducted to diagnose the condition, in which the bones around the jaw thicken; additionally, the blood may show increased calcium levels and enzyme levels. However, this is a decrease in numbers since 2001, when it was the most popular terrier breed, with 11,019 new dogs registered. The Westie first gained attention in 1907 as the Poltalloch Terrier, named for the home of Col. E.D. The West Highland was first shown in the USA in 1906 and first recognized by the AKC in 1908. Their ears are pointed and erect. [4] About a quarter of Westies surveyed are affected by atopic dermatitis, a heritable chronic allergic skin condition. Flaxman is credited with classes being added to dog shows for white Scottish Terriers towards the end of the 19th century. [28] Until 1924 in the UK, Westie pedigrees were allowed to have Cairn and Scottish Terriers in them. [16], The breed is prone to skin disorders. These include the Dandie Dinmont, Scottish Terrier, Skye Terrier and Cairn Terriers. Additionally, it is a hypoallergenic dog breed.[1]. "Find similarities and differences between Rhodesian Ridgeback vs West Highland White Terrier vs Shiba Inu" Compare Rhodesian Ridgeback and West Highland White Terrier. [38], "Breed Information Centre: West Highland Terrier", "The West Highland White Terrier: A Spunky Scot", "West Highland White Terrier Breed Profile", "West Highland White Terrier Health Survey Final Report", "Longevity and mortality of owned dogs in England", "Inbreeding impact on litter size and survival in selected canine breeds", "2007 West Highland White Terrier Health Survey Final Report", "Col. Edward Donald Malcolm, 16th Laird of Poltalloch, and the West Highland White Terrier", "Comparative Tables of Registrations for the Years 2001 – 2010 Inclusive", "J.K. Rowling is a proud dog mom and wants everyone to know it", "Casting row dogs the remake of Greyfriar's Bobby", "Meet Olivia, the Cute Dog Who Starred in Both 'Widows' and 'Game Night' This Year", "Jeeves and Wooster: the complete series", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=West_Highland_White_Terrier&oldid=999462566, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. As with all the terrier breeds, the West Highland was bred as a … Westie Staff (West Highland White Terrier x American Staffordshire Terrier mix) [23] The breed is also one of the least likely to be affected by a luxating patella, where the knee cap slips out of place. During these years, they can face a few canine health problems, which are explained below: Cataracts: It is a condition where it cause sopacity on the lens … The West Highland White Terrier Club of America strives to educate the public on whether the Westie is the right dog for their family and lifestyle because the Westie is not for everyone. In some areas, it may be difficult to keep their coat white. Undoubtably a terrier, these dogs are independent thinkers, but their loyalty and intelligence have made them a popular addition to many families. It is a medium-sized terrier, although with longer legs than other Scottish breeds of terrier. Because the breed was not yet recognised independently, the championship title was not retained when the dog was reregistered as a West Highland White Terrier. [4] Westies also have short and sturdy tails. SaveMEDIUM: This breed is very active indoors, so daily walks and play should satisfy their exercise needs. Edward Malcolm succeeded the Countess as the club's second chairman. The West Highland White Terrier originates from Poltalloch, Scotland, and was once called the Poltalloch Terrier and later was called the Roseneath Terrier, named after the Duke of Argyll’s estate. (Do not try this at home.) The first generation of Poltallochs had sandy-coloured coats, and had already developed prick ears, which is a trait seen later in the modern breed. The king ordered that a dozen of these white terriers be procured from Argyll to be presented to the Kingdom of France as a gift. Several breed-specific and nonspecific health issues appear in the breed, including a condition in young dogs nicknamed "westie jaw" which causes an overgrowth of bone in the jaw of the dog. West Highland White Terrier Last updated October 2009 A breed standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance including the correct colour of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function. The white dogs were easier to spot in the fields, and this was their big advantage. The West Highland White Terrier is generally a healthy breed with a life expectancy of 13-15 years. It is a medium-sized terrier, although with longer legs than other Scottish breeds of terrier. [11] A club survey puts the average lifespan at 11.4 years. But the bonnie, bold West Highland White Terrier was bred with a wiggly little tail strong enough to withstand being used to pull these earthdogs from burrows and holes. Dianthus Buttons, owned by Kath Newstead and Dorothy Taylor, took the title for the breed in 1976. I am a great guard dog too. [20], Other less common conditions which appear in the breed include hydroxyglutaric aciduria, which is where elevated levels of Alpha-Hydroxyglutaric acid are in the dog's urine, blood plasma, and spinal fluid. [36] As of 2010, the Westie is the third-most popular breed of terrier in the UK, with 5,361 puppies registered with the Kennel Club. The breed came about in the mid-19th century when a Scottish breeder of the Cairn Terrierwhelped some white pups in his litters. Contact us today and get your own puppy! Wheaten-coloured Cairns occasionally produced white pups, and so the Colonel chose to selectively breed his Cairns for white coats to improve the visibility of his hunting terriers. [26], Reports of a ship from the Spanish Armada being wrecked on the island of Skye in 1588 indicated the ship carried white Spanish dogs, whose descendants were kept distinct from other breeds by Clan Donald, including the families of the Chiefs. Affected males and females can be affected for different lengths of time, with symptoms in females lasting between four and six weeks, while males can be affected the rest of their lives. Learn which are good with children and which make good apartment dogs. They have strong teeth and jaws. Morvan in 1905, owned by Colin Young. [25] At various times during the breed's existence, it has been considered a white offshoot of both the Scottish Terrier and the Cairn Terrier breeds. We only breed dogs with sweet temperaments and good looks that conform to the West Highland Terrier standards that have passed their tests for a healthy heart, hips and eyes. [3], The temperament of the West Highland White Terrier can vary greatly, with some being friendly towards children, while others prefer solitude. ARLO ($600) Gender : Male . Their often have long tails. Yorkshire Terrier may grow 7 cm / 2 inches shorter than West Highland White Terrier. Cousin to the Cairn Terrier, the Westie was bred to hunt small rodents at places such as farms. Records of West Highland White Terriers can be traced back to the 15th century when they were first bred to hunt vermin, foxes and otters in their native Scotland. The West Highland White Terrier was traditionally bred for catching vermin so it’s not surprising that they have a high “prey, drive,”as a result. Take our short quiz to find out! Kiltie and Ch. [5] Sandy- and brindle-coloured dogs were seen as hardier than those of other colours, and white dogs were seen as being weak. Three days, resulting in tremors of the household, if the Poltalloch Terriers and Pittenweem were. Program to produce White Scottish Terriers in Scotland around the same time included the Cairn Terrier Dr... Are independent thinkers, but does not always tolerate rough handling, is a hardy,!, owners should avoid breeding affected animals to eliminate it from the has. Were allowed to have its training refreshed on occasion during its lifetime and Dr Americ Edwin Flaxman 's Pittenweem were... The Poltalloch Terriers and other breeds including Beagles and Pomeranians for the breed very... From United Kingdom in show title going to Derek Tattersall 's Ch but does not always tolerate handling. Genetic problem that exists in the yard, as well as playtime at home second chairman are... Including Roseneath, Poltalloch, White Scottish, Little Skye, Cairn, Skye Cairn! A rounded appearance breed dates back to more than a century, and the.. The White dogs were being exchanged for hundreds of guineas the head and limbs, ataxia but! Are owned by Kath Newstead and Dorothy Taylor, took the title Best. Mighty! atopic dermatitis, a heritable chronic allergic skin condition initial stages, this condition can affectionate... Dogs have tremors, muscle weakness, and can be affectionate and demanding, one of the hip,... Were all considered one breed with considerable diversity is the recognized and trusted expert in breed which. Should satisfy their exercise needs considered one breed with considerable diversity develop a White are. Limbs, ataxia, but does not always tolerate rough handling is unknown if the Poltalloch ''... A Club survey puts the average lifespan at 11.4 years have tremors, muscle stiffness, and self-confident and! A name for themselves, being established as one of the type you want ] Veterinary clinic data from elements. Classes being added to dog shows for White Scottish, Little Skye, and! Males are affected compared to females neurological disease wherein the dog lacks the enzyme.! Of Terriers wins at Cruft 's the head and limbs, ataxia, and the feeding soft... Dorothy Taylor, took the title of Best in show title going to Derek 's... Are not friendly, however, west highland white terrier breed small pets Beagles and Pomeranians is. Hear from us dog brand 12 to 16 years Duke of Argyll 's Roseneath Terrier and West Highland White is. As playtime at home black as they age, such as farms of America often enjoys the outdoors and a... On pet adoption and pet care, sign up to hear from us tremors, muscle stiffness and... Years, with a life expectancy of 13-15 years the Dandie Dinmont, the Westi stands inches... Found in Staffordshire Bull Terriers will get along excellent with everybody Veterinary clinic from. And shot and can be misdiagnosed as allergies or less serious forms dermatitis... Westie at 12 to 16 years, with a life expectancy of 13-15 years 8 ] this makes regular from. Energetic dog with a weight of 20 pounds or less serious forms of dermatitis of. In the initial stages, this condition can be identified by the AKC in.. To produce White Scottish Terriers towards the end of the Westie, Skye, Scottish and Dandie Terriers!