The shaking of the heathen world did not first begin with the birth of Christ, but commenced shortly after the time of Haggai. Haggai 2:9 "The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former, saith the LORD of hosts: and in this place will I give peace, saith the LORD of hosts." The completion of the temple will be marked by an earth-shaking event that shall signal to the nations of the world to come to the temple (verses 6-7). But the self can also create an adjective, which seems to be preferred by scholars: for one meaning of the name Haggai, the Theological Dictionary means Feast.For “Study Bible Name List” it means Festive.. He tries to prove that all the conditions which it lays down for the glorifying of the temple have now been realized. Despite their distress, Haggai was able to tell these weeping elders a most astonishing truth, "The Lord of hosts declares that the latter glory of this house will be greater than the former, and in this place I will give peace.". ", But spiritual peace is, throughout prophecy, part of the promise of the Gospel. The Jews in Haggai's times hesitated about going forward with the work, through dread of the world power, Medo-Persia, influenced by the craft of Samaria. Despite the edict of the great king Cyrus, after Israel's 70 year-long captivity in Babylon, the temple of the Lord continued to lie into disrepair. Haggai 1:9 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Haggai 1:9, NIV: "You expected much, but see, it turned out to be little.What you brought home, I blew away. First peace between God and man, then between man and God, then between man and man (Isa 2:4; Ho 2:18; Zec 9:10). "The ruined skeleton of the Temple was like a dead body decaying in Jerusalem and making everything contaminated." ", And in this place I will give peace - Temporal peace they had now, nor was there any prospect of its being disturbed. But Israel was smitten with the ban, and scattered among the heathen nations. Haggai 2:9, "'The glory of this present house will be greater than the glory of the former house,' says the LORD Almighty. What does this verse really mean? A temple, erected, after this had lain waste above 1800 years, even if Antichrist were to come now and to erect a temple at Jerusalem, could be no fulfillment of this prophecy. (1-11) He promises God's assistance to them. ‘The glory of this present house will be greater than the glory of the former house,’ says the LORD Almighty. In order, namely, to give emphasis to his admonition, not to expose themselves to still severer punishment than fell upon those who hardened themselves under the Old Testament against the incomplete revelation of God, by rejecting the far more perfect revelation of God in Christ, he quotes our prophecy, and shows from it (Hebrews 12:26), that at the founding of the old covenant only a comparatively small shaking of the earth took place; whereas for the times of the new covenant there had been predicted a shaking not only of the earth, but also of the heaven, which indicated that what was moveable was to be altered, as made for that purpose, that the immoveable might remain. The allusion to our prophecy, as Hengstenberg says, is unmistakeable here. 15 b on the twenty-fourth day of the month, in the sixth month, in the second year of Darius the king. Later fixed with the possessive self, the name Haggai can mean My party.. 1. fol. He was evidently born in Babylon during the exile, or was an extremely old man … The glory of the temple of Solomon was, that in it the majesty of God appeared, veiling itself in a cloud: in this, that same Majesty showed itself, in very deed united with the Flesh, visible to sight: so that Jesus Himself said, John 14:9. Consequently the events predicted by Haggai (Haggai 2:6-9) have not been fulfilled; for the valuable possessions of all the heathen have not been applied to the glorification of the sanctuary of Jehovah built by Zerubbabel, and there has not been a place of peace created there in the midst of the judgments that were to fall upon the heathen world. This peace begins by the removal of the difficulty in the way of the just God accepting the guilty (Ps 85:8, 10; Isa 9:6, 7; 53:5; Zec 6:13; 2Co 5:18, 19); then it creates peace in the sinner's own heart (Isa 57:19; Ac 10:36; Ro 5:1; 14:17; Eph 2:13-17; Php 4:7); then peace in the whole earth (Mic 5:5; Lu 2:14). This holy city will have the glory of God (ἡ δόξα τοῦ Θεοῦ equals כּבוד יהוה), but no temple; because the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it. xiv. Haggai 2:9 - 'The latter glory of this house will be greater than the former,' says Yahweh of Armies; 'and in this place will I give peace,' says Yahweh of Armies." Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Hebrew Scripture. Follow the buttons in the right-hand column for detailed definitions and verses that use the same root words. ((o) T. Bab. 289-90, have already observed) with the intention of securing the fulfilment of Haggai's prophecy, in order to prevent the coming of the kingdom of God, his fear of which was that it would put an end to his earthly sway. Jud. The Church today is the Temple of God, made from living stone, and the Spirit of God indwells our mortal bodies. This glorification of the house of God commenced with the introduction of the kingdom of heaven, which Jesus Christ preached, and of which He laid the foundation in His church. xiv. 11, 1), through which Herod endeavoured to win over the people to his plan. 13. (f) Meaning all spiritual blessings and felicity purchased by Christ; Php 4:7. Christ Himself was to be Isaiah 9:6-7 "the Prince of peace: of the increase of His government and of His peace there was to be no end;" in His days Psalm 72:3, Psalm 72:7 "the mountains were to bring peace to the people; there should be abundance of peace, so long as the moon endureth; the work of righteousness was to be peace Isaiah 32:17, the chastisement of our peace (that which obtained it) was upon Him" Isaiah 53:5, "great should be the peace of her children" Isaiah 54:13, in the Gospel God would give peace, true peace, to the "far off and the near" Isaiah 57:19. pp. As had been her glory, so was her dishonor increased." 21. The earlier commentators were no doubt generally right, when they sought for the fulfilment in the establishment of the new covenant through Christ; they simply erred in referring the predicted shaking of the nations and the promised glorification of the temple in too one-sided and exclusive a manner to the coming of Christ in the flesh, to His teaching in the temple, and to the establishment of the kingdom of heaven through the preaching of the gospel. (translation: World English Bible) xiv. Bava Bathra, fol. The manner in which he strained every nerve to fulfil the words "the glory will be greater," is evident from 3, where it is stated that "he laid out larger sums of money upon them than had been done before him, till it seemed that no one else had so greatly adorned the temple as he had done."). Another says, "When Haggai saith, 'greater shall be the glory of this later house than the first,' how is it; that the house which Zerubbabel built through the income which the king of Persia gave them was more glorious than the house which Solomon built? 6 For thus says the Lord of hosts: Yet once more, in a little while, I will shake the heavens and the earth and the sea and the dry land. Hebrews 12:22), "Wherefore we, receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace," clearly show, he takes it as having already commenced, and looks upon the whole period, from the coming of Christ in the flesh till His coming again in glory, as one continuum. In later times they had it not. Those five things, the absence whereof they felt, were connected with their atoning worhip or God's presence among them; "the ark with the mercy-seat and the cherubim, the Urim and Tummin, the fire from heaven, the Shechinah, the Holy Spirit." The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former, saith the LORD of hosts: and in this place will I give peace, saith the LORD of hosts. The temple itself was profaned by Antiochus Epiphanes (1 Macc. For even if such events do shake the world, and are poetically represented as earthquakes, even if they were regarded by the nations as heralds of the approaching destruction of the world, because the impression they produced upon the mind was as if heaven and earth were falling to pieces; all this does not satisfy the words, which do not express the subjective emotion, but announce real facts. Inde (says Livy) morte Alexandri distractum in multa regna, dum ad se quisque opes rapiunt lacerantes viribus, a summo culmine fortunae ad ultimum finem centum quinquaginta annos stetit. ‘And in this place I will grant peace,’ declares the LORD Almighty.” Outline. That exile began in 587 B.C. Chagai promises that “in this place I will grant shalom (שלום),” translated here as ‘prosperity’ but generally meaning ‘peace’. The Arabic version adds, "peace of soul, I say, to be possessed by everyone that labours to raise up this temple.''. But if there had really been any foundation in the Scriptures for this view, and the predictions of our prophet had not been fulfilled in the manner intended, the fault would not rest entirely in the impenitence of Israel, but would fall in part upon God Himself, for having sent His Son, not at the proper time, or when the time was accomplished, but too early, namely, before Israel was in that moral condition which would allow of the coming of the Messiah to become a blessing to it, whether God was mistaken as to the proper time for sending His Son, or in His judgment as to the moral condition of Israel. The priests, Levites, tribal heads, and older men, who had seen the grandeur of the former structure and remembered the majestic glory of Solomon's Temple WEPT, because the foundations of this second Temple were so much smaller. He does not, however, thereby represent the predicted shaking of heaven and earth "as still in the future," as Koehler supposes; but, as his words in Hebrews 12:28 (cf. The sacred places which were to be glorified by the valuables of all the heathen, had become unclean through Israel's sin, and were given up to destruction in consequence." xv. It is that "peace" mentioned at the conclusion of Haggai 2:9. The author of this epistle consequently brings out the fundamental thought of our prophecy, in which its fulfilment culminates, viz., that everything earthly must be shaken and altered, that the immoveable, i.e., the βασιλεία ἀσάλευτος, may remain, or in other words, that the whole of the earthly creation must perish, in order that the kingdom of God may be shown to be immoveably permanent. They were thereby compelled, on the one hand, to force upon the prophecy a meaning irreconcilable with the words themselves, and, on the other hand, to seek for its fulfilment in historical particulars to some extent of very subordinate importance. If Koehler had put this clearly to his own mind, he would certainly have hesitated before he built up a view on the basis of an erroneous idea of the day of the Lord which necessarily leads to the denial not only of the divine prescience or the πρόγνωσιη τοῦ Θεοῦ, but also of the supernatural character of the old Testament prophecy.). Haggai was a post-exile returnee to the land of Israel whose main ministry was to encourage the people to rebuild the Temple in Jerusalem and to let them know that God was with them and would help them. ii. God holds out no vain hopes. The Romans now attained to the government of the world; but at the very time when they appeared to be at the summit of their greatness, their shaking had very considerably advanced" (Hengstenberg). Haggai 2:19 Translation & Meaning. when the Babylonians, led by Nebuchadnezzar, sacked Jerusalem, destroyed the temple, killed many of the people, and led most of the rest into exile in Babylonia. 8. He called the people to 'consider your ways' and to 'be strong in the Lord and in the power of His might.' (Baldwin) 2. Thank You that during this Church age, while Israel has been set aside, You are using the Church as a living Temple and have commissioned the Body of Christ to be Your ministers of reconciliation. The latter glory of this house shall be greater than the former. Here we learn that the prophecy began in September, 520 B.C.i. ", Haggai was a post-exile returnee to the land of Israel whose main ministry was to encourage the people to rebuild the Temple in Jerusalem and to let them know that God was with them and would help them. If the priorities of our heart are wrong, nothing we do is really holy to God. Vid. Follow the buttons in the right-hand column for detailed definitions and verses that use the same root words. iii. The shaking of heaven and earth, of the sea and of the dry land, is indeed partially effected by violent earthquakes and wonderful signs in the sky, and was typified by such judgments as the flood; but it is only fully accomplished at the breaking up of the present condition of the world in the destruction of this heaven and this earth. Haggai presses the point of divine honor further by opening up before the eyes of the community what the completed temple would mean for God’s role in the world. The Gospel is described as Ezra 34:25, "a covenant of peace:" the promised king Zechariah 9:10 "shall speak peace to the Pagan;" He himself should be "our peace" Micah 5:5. 4.) "For whoever speaks to men, must speak of things according to a human method of thinking; or if he do not, he must make it clear that this is the case. A Time To Endure Series Contributed by Shawn Drake on Nov 24, 2019 based on 1 rating | 1,849 views. in this place … peace—namely, at Jerusalem, the metropolis of the kingdom of God, whose seat was the temple: where Messiah "made peace through the blood of His cross" (Col 1:20). Clarke's Haggai 2:9 Bible Commentary And in this place will I give peace - שלום shalom a peace-offering, as well as peace itself; or Jesus Christ, who is called the Prince of peace, through whom peace is proclaimed between God and man, between man and his fellows; and through whom peace is established in the disconsolate soul. 1. We have this treasure in clay vessels, so that the exceeding greatness of the power may be of God and not from ourselves. The circumstance that the prophet mentions the shaking of heaven and earth before the shaking of all the heathen, cannot furnish any valid ground for objecting to these allusions; nor can it force us to the conclusion that the words are only to be understood as denoting "great political shakings, whereby the power of the heathen would be broken, their pride humbled, and so the susceptibility for salvation be evoked among them." "The Dayspring from on high visited us, to guide our feet into the way of peace." And just to recap for a moment, you saw that these children of Judah had come out of captivity, from seventy years captivity in Babylon, they'd been given their freedom. i. The period of 520 years, which elapsed before the birth of Christ, cannot be called a little or short time, as Calovius supposes, "in comparison with the time that had passed since either the promulgation of the law or the promulgation of the protevangelium," inasmuch as five hundred are not מעט in relation to fifteen hundred, and the proposal to go back to the protevangelium is evidently merely a loophole of perplexity. The Meaning of Haggai 2:9 Explained Haggai 2:9. Praise Your holy name, AMEN. It is true that under Darius Hystaspes the Persian empire was still standing at the summit of its power; but its shaking began under his successor Xerxes, and came very plainly to light in his war against Greece. 8 The silver is mine, and the gold is mine, declares the Lord of hosts. ", "Peace and tranquility of mind is above all glory of the house; because peace passeth all understanding. 160. Yoma, fol. Scripture: Haggai 2:9, James 1:27, 1 Samuel 4, 2 Samuel 6. Not only was its glory to outstrip the former Temple, but the Lord also promised to bring peace to the Temple court and the city of Jerusalem. He spake, that John 16:33 "in Me ye might have peace." The second year of Darius, in which Haggai prophesied, was 520 B.C. "All nations," by whom the building of the temple is to be promoted, are equivalent in his esteem to "the Romans, who are the rulers of the whole world." If, then, the old men who had seen the temple in its former glory wept aloud at the laying of the foundation of the new building, because in comparison with the former it was as nothing in their eyes, this mourning was occasioned not so much by the fact that the new temple would not be so beautiful and majestic a building as that of Solomon had been, as by the fact that the poverty of the new building set before their eyes the wretched condition of the kingdom of God. by Crassus (Josephus, Ant. Haggai reproves the Jews for neglecting the temple. And when He was born, the angels proclaimed Luke 2:14 "on earth peace, goodwill toward men" Luke 1:79. The sum of these two rules of the law is, that sin is more easily learned from others than holiness. The book of Haggai, Haggai and chapter 2, and we're reading from verse 1. In the second year of King Darius, in the sixth month, on the first day of the month, the word of the LORD came by Haggai the prophet to Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Jehozadak, the high priest, saying,a. 23. 520-516) after the Babylonian Exile. 17, 3, but also the presents of king Artaxerxes and his counsellors, which Ezra received on his return to Jerusalem to carry with him for the temple (Ezra 7:15.). B. J. i. 75. Today, the members of Christ's Body are a spiritual Temple whom the Lord is using to forward His redemptive plans and purposes. Haggai 2:3 indicates the author may have seen the temple prior to its destruction, meaning Haggai may have been over seventy years old. You'll remember that last Monday evening we dealt with the whole of chapter 1, right down to verse 15. (Note: Aug. Koehler also assumes that the ultimate fulfilment of our prophecy will not take place till the second coming of Christ, although he is of opinion that, generally speaking, it has not been fulfilled in the manner originally intended. Why?' And whilst the stone-temple at Jerusalem built by Zerubbabel and splendidly finished by Herod fell into ruins, because the Jews had rejected their Saviour, and crucified Him, this has been carried on through the spread of the kingdom of God among the nations of the earth, and will be completed at the end of the course of this world; not, however, by the erection of a new and much more glorious temple in Jerusalem, but in the founding of the new Jerusalem coming down out of heaven from God upon the new earth, after the overthrow of all the powers of the world that are hostile to God. In this respect the rebuilding of the temple that had been destroyed was a sign and pledge of the restoration of the kingdom of God, which had been broken up through the banishment of Israel among the heathen, and the attitude of those who returned from exile towards the building of the temple was a sign of their internal attitude towards the Lord and His kingdom. Starting, for example, with the fact that the fulfilment of the events predicted by Haggai and the coming of the day of Jehovah are one and the same, and that according to Malachi 3:1; Malachi 4:5 the day of Jehovah was to be preceded by the coming of a messenger, to prepare the way for Jehovah to come to His temple, Koehler assumes that the fulfilment of these events ought to have taken place with the coming of Jesus of Nazareth, to establish the new covenant as the Messiah. This would have encouraged both the older and younger generation to live faithfully to the Lord despite their humble circumstances. 1. Zerubbabel, the governor of Judah, and Joshua, the high priest, responded speedily to Haggai's call to rebuild, and within twenty-three days the construction work was underway. While taking pains, through the gradualness of his rebuilding, to preserve the identity of the fabric, he lavished his wealth, to draw off their thoughts from the king, whom the Jews looked for, to himself. Thank You that Your plan of redemption continues to unfold and that the day is coming when Christ will rule and reign in the Holy City of Jerusalem, and the earth will be filled with the glory of God as the waters cover the sea. Without the Temple, the priests could not fulfil their duties and the sacrificial offerings to the Lord could not be reinstated. This is the 3rd sermon in the "A Time To..." series from Haggai. Temporal peace then was nothing, to be then given them, for they had it. 3. Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Hebrew Scripture. Alexander subdued all the bordering countries which did not yield, but spared themselves. 3. Haggai 2:9 The glory of this latter house shall be greater than of the former, saith the LORD of hosts: and in this place will I give peace, saith the LORD of hosts. Haggai's second prophecy began with the Lord asking the returning remnant three questions. Haggai 2:1-9 New King James Version (NKJV) The Coming Glory of God’s House. God sought to warn the people to heed His words. They were quiet subjects of the Persiam empire, which included also all their former enemies, greater or less. For all the days of the duration of the second house were "in strait of times and not in peace," as was written in Daniel, "and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again and the fosse, and in strait of time," and, as I said, in the time of Herod there was no peace whatever, for the sword did not depart from his house to the day of his death; and after his death the hatred among the Jews increased, and the Gentiles straitened them, until they were destroyed from the face of the earth. (m) T. Hieros. Haggai 2:9 Context. But if the shaking of the heathen commenced before the coming of Christ in the flesh, and will continue till His second coming in glory, we must not restrict the fulfilment of the predicted moral consequences of this shaking - namely, that the heathen come and consecrate their possessions to the Lord for the glorification of His house, to the conversion of the heathen to Christ, and their entrance into the Christian church - but must also regard the desire for the living God, awakened by the decay of heathendom and its religions, which was manifested in the adoption of Judaism by the more pious heathen, as a prelude to the fulfilment which commenced with the spread of the gospel among the Gentiles, and must include not only the presentation of dedicatory offerings τῶν ἀλλυφύλων and of gifts ἔξωθεν ἐθνῶν, with which the temple was adorned according to Josephus, de Bell. Haggai 2:9 Translation & Meaning. "Even then there were forebodings that the time of this empire would soon be accomplished, and the rapid conquests of Alexander gave fulfilment to this foreboding. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. Taaniot, fol. 6 For thus saith the LORD of hosts; Yet once, it is a little while, and I will shake the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and the dry land; 7 And I will shake all nations, and the desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, saith the LORD of hosts. 520 during the rebuilding of the Temple in Jerusalem (B.C. T. Bab. The prophet mentions at the very outset the utmost and the last that God will do, to clear away all existing hindrances to the completion of His kingdom in glory, and then passes on to the shakings of the world of nations which prepare the way for and lead on to this result, just as Micah in Micah 4:1-13 comes back from the most remote future to the less remote, and then to the immediate future. Instead of setting up His kingdom over the earth, with Zion as the centre, the Lord returned to heaven, and there took possession of the throne above all thrones. I. Jesus will return from heaven again, but not till Israel shall have been converted to the Messiah it rejected. 7.) Haggai 2. But, inasmuch as Israel was still without such moral preparation as would allow of the coming of Jehovah being a blessing to it, and rejected its Messiah, there occurred an event in connection with this rejection of Jesus on the part of Israel, which not only put a stop to the fulfilment of the prophecies, the realization of which had commenced with the coming of Jesus, but introduced a partial modification. However, a day is coming when Christ will return in power and great glory and enter the future, Millennial Temple, when the latter glory of God's house will be greater than the former and there will peace on earth and goodwill to all men. Peter sums up "the word which God sent unto the children of Israel, as Acts 10:36 preaching peace by Jesus Christ Romans 14:17. What does this verse really mean? 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( Hebrews 12:26-27 ) understood our prophecy communicated by Josephus ( Ant second house. Lord Almighty. greater! Hebrews ( Hebrews 12:26-27 ) understood our prophecy, is the rebuilding of the house ; because peace all. What is short in the future follow the buttons in the future the eyes of men is for... Hebrews ( Hebrews 12:26-27 ) understood our prophecy whom the Lord and in the column!