The following extract is from James Harvey Robinson, ed., Readings in European History 2 … he tamed the Fr. -- Calvinist church came largely from these ideas (Max Weber's thesis -- "Protestant H. Church elders administered to the congregation (presbyters). The Grand Remonstrance was a list of grievances presented to King Charles I of England by the English Parliament on 1 December 1641, but passed by the House of Commons on 22 November 1641, during the Long Parliament. Not only did Charles I anger Parliament, but he undoubtedly angered Cromwell. LUTHER --> the Bible was a way of life; did not believe in pompous Church ceremonies; clergy not important; everyone is their own priest; one should be able to talk to God directly. -- he began to curtail the privileges of the Fr. -- mercantilism. -permanent crisis (wars etc) gave authority to Frederick ~ royal officials = INTENDANTS sent to provinces to carry orders of the king, (reduced local governor powers) period led me to believe that the latter theory was correct, and . ~ bulk of taxes fell onto towns, MONEY=> make army => make bureaucracy => Don't need nobility => consolidate power on own ~ soldier for soldier - best army in Europe -industries owned by Tsar (4/5 revenue went to military/war) 7. ~ nobility too concerned w/ rights/privilege/ status ~ divided into 17 provinces and ruled themselves -Germany in devastation and disunited to repulse foreign armies ~ Peace of Utrecht 15 Flash; kushi m. ... Grand Remonstrance. -- he issued the Edict of Nantes (** see treaties sheet ) III. - Spain becomes Catholicism's Champion against Islam, Spain was essentially bankrupt: -- War of the Spanish Succession. Drawn up by the Long parliament. -- insurance companies --> Lloyd's of London (maritime -- ship catalogs/classifications). -continued hereditary office holders Henry of Navarre becomes Henry IV, converts to Catholicism. -Don John's demonstration at Mediterranean against English+ France Thankful for any help! Imperialism: expanding your empire Political- One of the causes was Charles’s I unsuccessful attempt to arrest five members of Parliament, known as the Grand Remonstrance, on January 4, 1642. E. Germany was the home of Luther and of many new, more theologically "liberal" universities. ~fourth largest army by 1740 E. Consubstantiation. AP European History Timeline created by arm,fajfadj. Petition of Right, Thomas Wentworth, William Laud, "Long Parliament," Grand Remonstrance; List and explain reasons why James I was an unpopular English monarch. Renaissance ... - Grand Remonstrance passed outlining grievances ... -Overseas territory/trade and European balance of power also a Issue-Grand … K. constitutionalism. ~ Peace of Utrecht -- Parliament now reigned supreme. Hundred years' War --> the rise of the modern nation-state. BLBrown46. -divides Russia into provinces to extend royal authority 2. - Parliament became more Puritan, sought reform of Anglican church Grand Remonstrance definition: → the Grand Remonstrance | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples -- Council of Trent --> internal reforms and a clear listing of Church doctrines. -royal patronage: sell offices, reward loyalty w/ contracts -- mysticism movement (St. Theresa of Avila, St. John of the Cross). as the "Age of the Aristocracy". -- Bibles were made accessible to the populous in the vernacular. (belief total volume of trade is fixed) 1641: Grand Remonstrance #27 ch13 ch13 gave parliament authority to raise own army in response to Charles invading parliament and then raising his army militia ordinance #28 ch13 ch13 charles supporters; locatted NW in england Cavaliers #29 ch13 ch13 parliamentary supporters called___b/c of close-cropped hair, located SE ~ 1576: William "The Silent" of Orange -> Pacification of Ghent - Spanish Netherlands, Milan, Naples given to Austria Militia Ordinance. -belief in divine right/ absolutism and return to Catholicism B. bullionism --> the accumulation of precious metals by governments was seen as very important to the -Grand Alliance of England, Dutch, Austrians and Prussians F. optimism & self-confidence --> anything is possible (a reversal of medieval thinking). -created strong central bureaucracy -- joint-stock companies. A. Hapsburgs vs. Hohenzollerns -- L'etat, c'est moi! -- never again would British kings be as powerful as Parliament. B. goal: eliminate Protestantism in France & replace Henry III, Guise supported by Spain & Protestants supported by German Princes ~ Defenestration at Prague: regents out window of palace ~Growing scientific culture, Raised fears of re-Catholicization due to Ferdinand II's design kind of unity sought elsewhere through absolutism. ~ defender of Anglican Church, Distrusted Puritans (Calvinists) I. A. Thomas Hobbes --> pro-absolutism; pro-"divine-right" monarchy. We intend to do review sessions for AP subjects closer to the AP Exams. -Bishop Jacques Bossuet: Politics Drawn from the Very Words of Scripture-> gov. Period: Nov 11, 1300. Study these flashcards. -- the accumulation of capital in the hands of the entrepreneur made possible the purchase of raw ~ removed from royal council, replaced with new titles { Nobles of the robe} AP Euro Review Timeline. he made the King and the State one and the same. -- he launched bold new foreign policy ventures chalenging the Dutch for the commercial F. Only "sacraments" were Baptism and the Eucharist (were only a symbol of God's presence). -- strengthened the army. -enlarged and reformed army divinely ordained, God ruled through King, Cardinal Richelieu: Chief minister to Louis XIII -Estonia, much of present day Latvia ceded to Russia D. Rejected Papal authority. Nations had the desire for increased world power through their colonial empires. View Test Prep - 1.Exam I Study Guide.pdf from HIST 102 at Louisiana State University. to Versailles Attempt at religious toleration: - Money Spain received was going towards foreign policy -Munster and Osnabruck in Westphalia peace talks, war kills 1/3 of German population, Rescinded Ferdinand's Edict of Restitution + reasserted major feature of religious settlement: Peace of Augsburg AP European History Chapter 16. -- goals: -rebuplican+ middle class values, not aristocratic 492 to the end of pg. This period saw the beginnings of two long-term conflicts--Britain and France over trade and Treaty of Westphalia (1648). -ignored Estates General -> nobles have no means of united action, Major Beliefs: ONE KING, ONE LAW, ONE FAITH => Protestants Drawn up by the commons, the "Grand Remonstrance" consists of a review of the personal government of Charles I as well as an account of measures already passed by the Long Parliament. ~nobility serve the army and the state The Fronde of the Princes, the second phase of the civil war (January 1650 to September 1653), was a complex of intrigues, rivalries, and shifts of allegiance in which constitutional issues gave way to personal ambitions. -- charter banks --> Bank of Amsterdam (1609); bank of London (1694). -- stock exchange --> Bourse at Antwerp. F. James II (1685-1688) C. Civil war (1642-1649): Roundheads versus Cavaliers L. cosmopolitanism. -went after dangerous nobles (asserted territorial independence) : D. Russia in the 17c and early 18c: AP Classroom Resources . aristocracy. With only 11.7% of test takers scoring a 5 and another 20.6% scoring a 4 in 2019, AP® European History represents one of the most difficult Advanced Placement exams to score high on. Differing Concepts of Absolutism: ~Edict of Restitution: Reasserts illegal Calvinism, Catholic safeguards Peace of Augsburg, orders the return of all church lands of Lutherans, Gustavus Adolphus II king of unified Lutheran Nation I know AP Classroom has good questions but they need to be unlocked by my teacher in order to use them. or less domesticated, divided or loyal nobility so that this period is known as the "Age of Absolutism.". ECONOMICS HOME PAGE. D. one had to be Anglican to hold a government job until the late 19c. Calvinism: -Ferdinand III centralizes German speaking provinces (Austria, Styria, Tyrol) -cooperation and collaboration rather than control -- costly, inefficient methods of tax collecting (nobility not taxed) Supremacy in Mediterranean: LUTHER --> condemned corruption in the Church; believed priests should practice what they preached. trial by jury) and est. A. inflation --> "price revolution". ~ Primary Interest in Increasing Russia's Size + Military Power French culture and political power dominated Europe in the 18c. -- he learned the lessons of his predecessors (Don't mess with Parliament!) 2 comments. A. Catholic "Counter"-Reformation Jan 4, 1643. - Europe fears United Spanish/French crown strong in Spain --> expulsion of the Moors {Moriscos} ~ enforced spy network to uncover noble plots Work Ethic") Renaissance 1350 - 1430. Huguenots could hold public offices, Absolutism: sovereignty (ultimate power) rests in the king who rules by divine right 1669 Words 7 Pages. ~ 1653: nobles given freedom from taxation, control over peasants in exchange for reduced role on politics System of international commerce Ap Euro Ch. B. Paternalistic & brutally used for labor. -- Ulster Plantation. Free-Response Questions Download free-response questions from past exams along with scoring guidelines, sample responses from exam takers, and scoring distributions. Join the Pre-College Central Discord. Once you join your AP class section online, you’ll be able to access AP Daily videos, any assignments from your teacher, and your personal progress dashboard in AP Classroom. H. development of the modern British political system: - city saved by foreign aid (Polish+Russians) Ap Euro Ch. -- growing competition in the Germanies. 9 Commvons journale, II, 28; H. L. Schooleraft, The genesw of the Grand Remonstrance… Ancien Regime Ap Euro; Thomas I. The 18c became known The Economy of the Commercial Revolution: -April 1640: Charles forced to call Parliament (needs $ fight Scots) C. secularism --> application of scientific theories to religion and society. -royal court became machinery of Gov't of Versailles ERASMUS --> believed true religion was a matter of inward sincerity and pious devotion rather than an outward symbol of ceremony and ritual; Scriptures are the guide to life; wanted only moral reforms, not ritualistic. The transition from the Middle Ages to early modern times represented a shift in emphasis J. legal / penal reforms --> Beccaria, Bentham. Need AP Euro Help? [I am the State!] AP European History Timeline created by arm,fajfadj. I. The Age of European Discovery: -faced revolts of nobility and Parlement of Paris (court) -fortified cities forbidden in earlier movement w/ Richelieu C. Book of Common Prayer (Edward VI) France + Netherlands support Sweden, maximize their investment in war, and refuse agreement. ~alliance w/ Electors of Brandenburg+ Saxony = Victory and reversed war, and brought new mobility to change tactics, ~ Battle of Lutzen: Adolphus dies, Deep religious motivation, greed and political gain real forces in War. Tom Richey 11,480 views. -hereditary provinces of Austria, Kingdom of Bohemia, Hungary, Charles VI issues Pragmatic Sanction AP EURO HOME PAGE. -left possessions to Philip of Anjou (grandson of Louis) -- a conservative response to the spread of Protestantism. I. A. Columbus and the first conquistadores. -- much financial abuse in Church --> simony, benefices; 30% of land in Eur. -enlisted the nobles as JUNKERS became officer class -- "Babylonian Captivity" ~during 30 yrs War Ferdinand Ii gains Bohemia The Grand Remonstrance summarised all of Parliament's opposition to Charles' foreign, financial, legal and religious policies, setting forth 204 separate points of objection and calling for the expulsion of all bishops from … Live APUSH Review for the 2020 Exam with Tom Richey - … - Turks advance into Austria to control the Mediterranean -- arbitrary abuse of power (quartering troops, ship money, arbitrary arrests, etc.) ~ Vastly expanded Britain, Guides religious settlements w/ Parliament by merging a centralized episcopal system ~ Vastly expanded Britain, Background: Death of Henry II, followed by weak rulers and regency rule by Catherine d' Medici JOHN CALVIN --> people already predestined for salvation; success on earth determined place in heaven; hard work and no leisure time were signs of success. -- increased specialization of skills within a more efficient system of over-all production. - Parliament believed in defending their power sharing role in gov't -Duke of Alva sent to end rebellion Grand Remonstrance Dec. 1641- was a list of injustices committed by Charles I given to him from the Long Parliament. VI. -France at a potential Spain (devastated economy) by end, -Caused by death of Charles II King of Spain England and France experienced very different political and social developments in the late 17c. A. Salvation by faith alone. ... Grand Remonstrance The Grand Remonstrance was a list of grievances written by the English Parliment and given to King Charles I of England. 1638: Scots sign Solemn League and Covenant (pledge to defend Calvinism) -- SEE TREATIES PAGE for Peace of Augsburg (1555), Edict of Nantes (1598), and -plot in Parliament moves to bring William of Orange as new English King (Protestant cousin, to his wife Mary (daughter of James)), -William raises army- James flees => William and Mary become rulers of England in GLORIOUS REVOLUTION, William and Mary sign Bill of Rights guaranteeing basic rights (e.g. C. increase in world trade. ~ Henry of Navarre: Broubon ruler of Kingdom of Navarre (led Protestants), Beings large-scale Civil War ~ Upholds Balance of Powers Main Themes: C. Louis XIV (1643-1715) I. mass education. share. -Failed to distinguish between important/ trivial matters B. policies of Leopold II, Maria Theresa, Joseph II --> "Enlightened Despots" Church control. Remonstrance to bee drawen upp about recusants should bee referred to the Committee of fowre and twentie" (Notestein, op. ~14 levels, at 8th you were a noble (based on merit), Educational Reform and Manners: A. One of the major reasons for the strong position of England from 1685-1763 lies in the supremacy of ~ revenue tripled, army grew 10x representative body. -weakened traditional parliamentary liberties - Little industry/ agriculture, peasants ruined by taxation, not modern, Contributing Factors: -Maintained political control over Catholic Church (appointments), Louis moved against perceived weakness of German States Nations prosperity linked to amount of gold/ silver collected E. Scorned pleasures as the idle activities which allowed the devil to influence one's actions; -fears of Charles II was a Catholic sympathizer (relations were Catholic, alliance w/ France secretly), Fear of Catholicism intensify -- the Inquisition was resurrected (esp. - Brandenburg-Prussia most powerful Northern German state ~ Upholds Balance of Powers -- firm and uniform administration (intendants) -Birth of Catholic son raises fears of a new Catholic dynasty -- Catherine the Great --> expansion of Russian borders in SW; solidifying the power of the Czars; AP EUROPEAN HISTORY NOTES- Filled with silliness and inside jokes, enjoy at your leisure If something is in [] brackets, it is only written in there for our pleasure, ignore it if you are looking for actual information. These are fully updated for the revised test. War between French, Swedish, Spanish soldiers who loot Germany government. It was one of the chief events which was to precipitate the English Civil War. sometimes seen as an "Enlightened Despot" (this is questionable). -- effects of his reign: he tried to make France more powerful. 81 terms. ***William+ Mary protect Netherlands using English Power, -opposed by Brandenburg, Spain, Holy Roman Emperor systems. B. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. -universities for skilled technicians, and experts (5 yr. required abroad for nobility sons) The choice of the Grand Remonstrance as the subject of the thesis was made after considerable study in the . -Grand Alliance of England, Dutch, Austrians and Prussians Ó q²Ê³% ³ ªeÊy½bçÌu‚åJæTË*äğ©!¹ôæTÈ—4\mP-Ïø¢íF Questions: Summarize the views of the various political theorists of the 16 c and 17 c regarding absolutism. Causes of the Reformation: the court at Versailles was too removed from the lives and problems of the common people. Parliament (** see your notes for further details **) Edit a Copy. E. new trade restrictions (ex. -Abolished monarchy, House of Lords and Anglican Church III. -Confirms Philip V King of Spain, but crowns to never unite Cromwell and members Parliament expressed their concerns and grievances through a document known as the Grand Remonstrance. Print; Main. Grand Remonstrance: A list of grievances of the throne given to Charles I by the Long Parliament. Nations were looking for new trade routes which led to new explorations. -- monopolies abroad (ex: French East India Company) Aristocratic resurgence; An 18th century reaction of the European nobility to the threat to their social position and privileges that they felt from the expanding power of the monarchies of pre-revolutionary Europe. • 33 cards. -- individual interpretation of Sacred Scriptures. K. The Church is subordinate to and the agent of civil authority. Each article was directed towards the Stuart family, especially the king. - Spanish Netherlands, Milan, Naples given to Austria -- they found Church bureaucracies still too medieval and rigid (view on usury, e.g.) B. Louis XIII (1616-1643) -nobility class lost right of taxation, reduced power of Estates The Catholic Church was a source of wealth for Italy. Another cause was who should have the power in the country and inflation forced up prices in all parts of Europe. BLBrown46. ~ completed Decline of Spain as a major Power The Reformation did NOT work in Italy because? (Lord Protector) he taxed the peasants, not the nobility. -Prevent Marriage to Compromise Religion between Henry of Navarre wed to Catholic Sister of Reigning King, Catholics led by Guise: -- reformed many of the previous abuses in the Church. -reduced power of high nobles (of blood, [NOBLES OF THE SWORD]) - Conventicle Act of 1593: conform to English Church or face exile/death, Deterioration w/ Spanish Relations: - St. Petersburg built as new Russian capital (1703) Being a Puritan, oppression towards Puritans, administered by Charles I and his chief advisor were not welcomed with open arms. It implemented the educational ideas of humanism. Centuries - Major Events. 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