... Music App : Final Exam Review (Pt 1 & Pt 2) 100 Terms. Johann Hasse, a German pupil of Scarlatti, took the chamber cantata to Dresden; and George Frideric Handel, among others, wrote cantatas in the Italian manner. Bach’s Sacred Cantatas Within the output of certain composers there are seminal groups of works whose sheer volume has ensured for them neglect out of all proportion to their value. I, that is the appendix of the lost works. [7], Extant secular cantatas are published in the New Bach Edition (Neue Bach-Ausgabe, NBA), Series I, volumes 35 to 40, with the two Italian cantatas included in volume 41. Bach THE MASS Masses--settings of the parts of the traditional Catholic ordinary--are also an important part of Baroque music, although much less so than in the Renaissance. No more notable example exists than that of the cantatas of J.S. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Much of the choral music familiar to contemporary audiences is on a grander scale. His collegium musicum in Leipzig was the principal beneficiary of Bach’s secular music composition, including, in all likelihood, this Coffee Cantata. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Born in Venice, Cristofaro Caresana (c.1640-1709) made his career in Naples as a singer, organist, choirmaster and composer. Broadly speaking, there can be both good and bad things in the category of secular, while all things godly or are related with religion are considered to be good only. Even for these cantatas the music can sometimes be reconstructed, based on the church cantatas that were derived from them. The cantata was introduced into France by one of Carissimi’s students, Marc-Antoine…, …subsequent development of the German cantata, which was frequently based on a chorale and, like the vocal-instrumental concerto, included vocal soloists, choir, and instruments.…. The word cantata first appeared in the Italian composer Alessandro Grandi’s Cantade et arie a voce sola (Cantatas and Arias for Solo Voice; published 1620–29). The secular cantatas are a goldmine of musical and musicological fascinations and it is well worth the effort of getting to know them. 7, 184a, 173a and Anh. a metrical narrative set to recitative or alternate recitative and air, usually for a single voice accompanied by one or more instruments. and _Dramma per musica_ (the actual title of many of his secular cantatas) suggest that Bach had a better sense of theatre, and timing and dramatic characterisation than Beethoven. As the team completed recording the church cantatas in 2013, this means that BCJ’s performances of all of Bach’s extant cantatas – sacred and secular – are now available on disc. Most of the secular cantatas are named after the first words of the libretto (incipit): The New Bach Edition groups the secular cantatas in the last seven volumes of Series I. NBA Volume 35 – Festmusiken für die Fürstenhäuser von Weimar, Weißenfels und Köthen:[23], NBA Volume 36 – Festmusiken für das Kurfürstlich-Sächsische Haus I:[25], NBA Volume 37 – Festmusiken für das Kurfürstlich-Sächsische Haus II:[27], NBA Volume 38 – Festmusiken zu Leipziger Universitätsfeiern:[29], NBA Volume 39 – Festmusiken für Leipziger Rats- und Schulfeiern / Huldigungsmusiken für Adelige und Bürger:[31], NBA Volume 40 – Hochzeitskantaten und Weltliche Kantaten verschiedener Bestimmung:[33], NBA Volume 41, Varia: Kantaten, Quodlibet, Einzelsätze, Bearbeitungen, contains, apart from various pieces of sacred vocal music and the incomplete Quodlibet, Bach's two Italian cantatas:[35], Complete recordings of the secular cantatas include those by Peter Schreier[36] and Helmuth Rilling. The early cantatas after Grandi were written by Italian composers, most in secular style (cantata da camera, “chamber cantata”), but some in sacred manner (cantata da chiesa, “church cantata”) and all in the vernacular language, Italian. The cantata, as developed in northern Germany in the 17th century, often relied only upon soloists and a small group of instruments, although the role of the chorus gradually became more important. 8 are examples of such cantatas, the oldest of which were composed on a libretto by Christian Friedrich Hunold. From 1714 Bach integrated da capo arias into his church works. Albums. The earliest surviving secular cantata is the ‘Hunt’ Cantata, composed in 1713 in Weimar for the birthday of Duke Christian of Sachsen-Weißenfels. JS Bach: Secular Cantatas, BWV201, 205 & 21. The new cantata, Preise dein Glücke, gesegnetes Sachsen, BWV 215, is a substantial work, and it is not surprising that Bach, with only a few days to produce it, had recourse to earlier compositions: the only parts that were written completely from scratch were the recitatives, the soprano aria (seventh movement) and the final chorus. Der Streit zwischen Phoebus und Pan),[6] others were almost miniature buffo operas (e.g. Many secular cantatas were composed for events in the nobility. Secular Cantata No. Akademie für Alte Musik Berlin, RIAS Kammerchor Share. The Jury. Up to the late 17th century the cantata was predominantly a secular form, but the church cantata, which included choral movements ranging from simple chorale harmonizations to complex, extended structures, was a major feature of Lutheran music in early 18th-century Germany. some music of the first Brandenburg Concerto was adopted in a secular cantata), and Bach quite often parodied secular cantatas into church music: for instance his Christmas Oratorio opens with music originally written for a secular cantata.[10]. Performed by the Boston Symphony Orchestra and published by G. Schirmer, Inc., New York. Stanford Libraries' official online search tool for books, media, journals, databases, government documents and more. Amore traditore). RECOMMENDED MUSIC: Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme, BWV 140 by J.S. The list includes both extant cantatas and, as far as known, lost cantatas. A Free Song, by William Schuman. Georg Philipp Telemann, with his 12 cycles of cantatas for each Sunday and holiday, represents this trend. The Coffee Cantata. Some episodes in Bach's Passions, cantatas (especially dialogical works -- the Soul and Jesus, Fear and Hope, etc.) Cantata, (from Italian cantare, “to sing”), originally, a musical composition intended to be sung, as opposed to a sonata, a composition played instrumentally; now, loosely, any work for voices and instruments. [9] Less than half of Bach's known secular cantatas survive with music. Reviewed in the United States on August 2, 2016. In more than 200 church cantatas written by J.S. 11–12). BWV 66a, 134a, Anh. Winners in Music. The French cantatas were usually to French texts, and in Germany, where the cantata lost its aristocratic connotations, they were in German. Harmonia Mundi: HMM931544.45. In a sense it is a pity that they have been lumped under the (unhistoric) generic title of 'cantatas' because so many of them stand well apart from the church works. Bach wrote or re-staged at least 36 secular cantatas in the last 25 years of his life, and around half of these were on librettos by Picander. composed secular cantatas as well. Lutheran ministers, notably Erdmann Neumeister, encouraged the absorption of secular music into the church service. The word cantata is best known to many through the works of J.S. 2. The intermediate stanzas are paraphrased in the texts of recitatives and arias for one or more vocal soloists, and the various movements were interwoven with the liturgical service. Buy 2 CDs online. This is a sortable list of the Bach cantatas, the cantatas of Johann Sebastian Bach. 49 and 52), insufficient to determine whether they were intended as sacred or secular. [37] Also Masaaki Suzuki devoted a series of recordings to the secular cantatas. Emmanuel Music is a Boston-based ensemble of singers and instrumentalists founded in 1970 by Craig Smith to perform the complete sacred cantatas of J.S. We do not consciously divide our world into sacred and secular, but this dichotomy is a result of centuries of religious thinking and teachings. BWV 206 - Schleicht, spielende Wellen 00:00 1. The precise nature of the two styles varied, both finally taking on characteristics of the recitative-aria combination of contemporary opera. A Christmas cantata or Nativity cantata is a cantata, music for voice or voices in several movements, for Christmas.The importance of the feast inspired many composers to write cantatas for the occasion, some designed to be performed in church services, others for concert or secular celebration. Bach, the body of works that stands at the very heart of his output. [2] The text of these cantatas was occasionally in dialect (e.g. Bach's almost 200 extant cantatas are among his important vocal compositions. Celebratory or secular cantatas work well in concert. Apart from his hundreds of church cantatas, Johann Sebastian Bach wrote secular cantatas in Weimar, Köthen and Leipzig, for instance for members of the Royal-Polish and Prince-electoral Saxonian family (e.g. Coffee Cantata). Congratulation cantatas included in the volume: This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 09:58. Corrections? The 1st work has a text by Johann Christian Gottsched. Peter Schreier's box set of the complete secular cantatas (Brilliant Classics, 2000 release at Discogs), Peter Schreier's box set of the complete secular cantatas (Brilliant Classics, 2006 release at Amazon), Helmut Rilling's recordings of Bach's secular cantatas at prestoclassical, Helmut Rilling's box set of the complete secular cantatas at arkivmusic, List of Bach's secular cantatas at classical.net, "Bach's Secular Cantata Texts" by Ian F. Finlay in, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_secular_cantatas_by_Johann_Sebastian_Bach&oldid=999272571, Secular cantatas by Johann Sebastian Bach, Lists of compositions by Johann Sebastian Bach, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Homage (Leipzig, city of science and commerce), Congratulation on acquiring a manor (Hennicke), Wedding (G. E. Stahl jr. x J. E. Schrader), Congratulation on acquiring a manor (von Dieskau), Incomplete (not always grouped with cantatas), Extant (not necessarily grouped with cantatas), Extant (sacred; attribution to Bach doubtful), BWV deest: Serenade (7 October 1739, lost: mentioned in contemporary newspapers). Vocal argument between a father and his headstrong daughter Carissimi were prominent 17th-century cantata.... And 52 ), [ 1 ] or other public or private occasions e.g... In Bach ’ s a means by which one can encounter faith spirituality... 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